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AFT Blog

Welcome to the Applied Flow Technology Blog where you will find the latest news and training on how to use AFT Fathom, AFT Arrow, AFT Impulse, AFT xStream and other AFT software products.
Stephanie Villars

Having model convergence problems? Start here!

Trying to run a model and running into convergence errors? Here are a few common tips to help with model convergence for AFT Fathom, AFT Arrow, and the steady state modes for AFT Impulse and AFT xStream. Though these tips will not work for all models, they have helped with many of the steady state convergence cases that have come through the AFT su...
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Dave Miller

Tolerable Convergence

Trying to design and analyze piping systems can be a complicated, and difficult task for engineers. This was especially true before the advent of easily accessible computer technology. Hand calculations required hundreds of hours of painstaking work, by entire teams of people. Great care had to be taken to ensure the reliability and accuracy of the results. Human beings do make mistakes, after all.

In today’s engineering world, there are a multitude of computer tools designed to make the design process simpler, faster, and more reliable, such as AFT’s family of analysis products. AFT products revolve around graphically based, drag and drop interfaces that makes creating a computer model of piping systems quick, and easy. Being able to create simulation models with little effort, however, can be a bit of a double-edged sword.

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Erin Onat

Getting that Stubborn AFT Fathom Model to Converge

The majority of steady-state, incompressible hydraulic models made in AFT Fathom that we see as Applications engineers typically converge very rapidly. However, every once in a while, that occasional AFT Fathom model arrives in our Support inbox that just won’t converge. At first glance, passing a graduate level course in compressible flow without ever missing an exam question may seem more likely than getting to the source of the convergence issue in one of these typically-monstrous models (like in Figure 1), but the tips below show that determining and correcting the problem preventing convergence is frequently straightforward and much easier than...
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Ben Keiser

Using Standard Accuracy Specific Heat Ratio to Solve AFT Arrow Convergence Problems

AFT Arrow is a highly accurate and powerful compressible flow analysis tool and rather than solving various compressible flow correlations, AFT Arrow is simultaneously solving the fundamental mass, momentum, energy, Equation of State, and Mach number equations.  Although AFT Arrow accurately calculates the fluid physical properties throughout the compressible pipe network, there is also a high level of complexity associated with these calculations. We have seen several models that have various convergence issues and there is a common troubleshooting technique that solves the majority of these issues.  This technique is simply changing the specific heat ratio accuracy option from “High” to...
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